To cut a long story short, by fuzzing the server, a researcher managed to bypass authentication of his Netgear router
Fuzzing is the automated injecting of malformed data in a hope of causing something to break, and break badly enough to reveal a security hole. Netgear routers got fuzzed, and they broke very badly indeed. Now fuzzing isn’t the kind of thing that most ordinary people would do in bed, but Simon Kenin is no ordinary person: he’s a security researcher. When faced with an ‘Internet Down’ scenario having retired for the night, Simon couldn’t be arsed to get up and check the router and instead thought he’d try and hack it from the comfort of his bed.
That’s where the fuzzing started, and where the problems began for Netgear.